1920-1922 The Black and the Red
2015 SOLD for $ 38M including premium
Malevich developed a new grammar reduced to three basic filled shapes, simple enough to escape a semiotic interpretation : rectangle, oval and cross. The perfect rectangle and oval are the square and the circle.
The black square on white is the seminal flagship and the masterpiece of Suprematism. Centered on a canvas where it fills most of the available surface, the square becomes a flying artefact independently from its supporting fabric and generates a mesmerizing feeling. Faced with such a spatial illusion, we are tempted to reduce the famous white square on white from 1918 down to no more than an additional experiment.
In the early phase, other works by Malevich still make concessions to competing movements. His cohorts of stripes more or less parallel in various colors seek to express the movement as in the Futurism in an assembly which appears hand made as in the Synthetic Cubism or in the Constructivism.
On November 5 in New York, Sotheby's sells Mystic Suprematism, oil on canvas 100 x 59 cm painted between 1920 and 1922, lot 8 estimated $ 35M.
A black cross is flying in front of a deep red oval. The pole of the cross and the oval are coaxial. The pole is a quadrangle that slightly tapers downward, bringing an effect of forward tilting. The additional small black line that runs across the lower part of the pole is used for balancing, allowing the viewer to decide if that indefinable abstract object is or not about to fall.
Suprematism is already announcing the major trends of abstract art of the second half of its century, which will use the expressive role of the colors. It is unfortunate that Malevich did not experience the importance of large size. To go further than Suprematism, wait for Rothko.
1920 The Two Pictures of Olga
2017 SOLD for $ 30.5M including premium
Around 1916 he attempts a new approach by simplifying the geometric shapes and by reducing the number of elements. The readability remains difficult except perhaps in the still life. To convince his audience Picasso indeed needs to convince himself.
He realizes two portraits of Olga in the same format, based on the same photograph. One of them is realistic in the style of Ingres, the other is Cubist. The artist wants to demonstrate that the impression offered to the viewer by a work of art does not depend on the style.
Zervos considers that both paintings were started simultaneously in 1917. The Ingresque portrait is finished early. The Cubist portrait is continually reworked until 1920. The result is as luminous as a stained glass window with its solid colors enclosed in outlines of white stripes bordered by a black line. The woman maintains an identical attitude on both images.
The use of the Cubist portrait like a piece of laboratory for the development of a new style is at no doubt. Picasso kept this work throughout his life, certainly not in memory of Olga but as a demonstrator of the evolution of his art in that difficult period of his career.
The Cubist portrait, oil on canvas 130 x 89 cm, is estimated $ 20M by Christie's in New York on May 15, lot 7 A offered along with seven other major artworks for the benefit of the Cleveland Clinic Heart and Vascular Institute. Please watch the video in which Christie's introduces the whole set.
<1920 Yves Saint-Laurent in an Armchair ... made by Eileen Gray
2009 SOLD 21.9 M€ including premium
It is a seat only 61 cm high. The sitting height is normal, but the back is small. It is large (91 cm), making it a comfortable chair. The press release from Christie's describes it as a Dragon armchair, certainly for the sculptures of its armrests. For this seat dating from about 1920-1922, prepare 2.5 million €.
In the work of Eileen Gray, other seats have generated one of the most remarkable results of auctions in recent years. On June 1, 2005 in Paris, Camard sold a set of six armchairs à la Sirène, for a total of nearly 9 million € charges included. Sold separately, these six lots were eventually divided between two buyers. They had belonged to Damia, the music hall singer woman with whom Eileen had a love affair. From a very different model from the chair of the Saint-Laurent collection, their sculpture of the women fish was enhanced by an open back.
Eileen Gray was renowned for the luxurious finish of her lacquered furniture.
The sale will be held at the Grand Palais in Paris from 23 to 25 February. It is jointly organized by Christie's and Pierre Bergé et Associés.
POST SALE COMMENT
This seat had it all. We imagine it perfectly in the middle of the living room of Yves Saint-Laurent, a famous person. It may equally be regarded as a work of art or as a piece of furniture.
Christie's has presented it as one of the top lots in the sale, from the first press release last September. The estimate probably took into account the results obtained at Drouot on the armchairs à la Sirène, remembered in my article above. Cautiously, the estimate had been made a little lower (2 M €) in the catalog than in the first releases.
As I have already written, the current crisis of confidence affects the sellers, not the buyers.
The chair of Yves Saint-Laurent by Eileen Gray was sold € 21.9 million including premium.
The low resolution image below is shared by Wikimedia for fair use :
1920 Merz or the Anti-Dada
2014 SOLD 14 M£ including premium
Technically, Schwitters is very close to the Dada movement in which he had friends. In that defeated Germany promised to decadence, he built his art with torn newspapers and other trash. However, he opted for a positive message that is the opposite of the Dada destruction. Unsurprisingly, Schwitters was later persecuted by the Nazis chasing the decadent art.
His creed is summed up in a few cleverly chosen statements.
Pioneer of installations nearly half a century ahead of his time, he introduces himself to his colleagues as a painter who nails his pictures together.
He promotes his Merz revolution, a word that appeared perhaps by chance in one of his works after he tore a paper of the Kommerz und Privatbank. Merz is in only four letters a remarkable anticapitalist and anti-industrial motto.
On June 24 in London, Christie's sells a 1920 Merzbild in large size, 109 x 80 cm including the artist's frame. Positively titled Ja Was? Bild, it anticipates the paintings-poems by Miro. The reverse side covered by newspaper fragments must be considered as a full part of the Bild.
Ja Was? Bild is estimated £ 4M. I invite you to play the video shared by Christie's.
POST SALE COMMENT
This artwork is altogether extremely rare and historically important. It was sold for £ 14M including premium.
1920 George Bellows in the Crowd
2012 SOLD 7 M$ including premium
On December 1, 1999, Sotheby's sold Polo Crowd, oil on canvas 115 x 161 cm, painted in 1910. Sold $ 27.5 million including premium, this lot then got the record for an American painting at auction. The buyer, Bill Gates, was identified after the sale.
On May 17 in New York, Sotheby's sells a tennis scene painted in 1920. This oil on canvas, 109 x 135 cm, is estimated $ 5M.
On vacation the previous year in Newport RI, the artist had attended a tournament won by Bill Tilden of which he wanted to recreate the atmosphere. The game of tennis is underway, and the crowd is dense around the players. The style is typical of this artist: almost impressionistic in the clothing of the crowd, realistic up to the border of naivety in the anecdotal part of the scene.
This dynamic and colorful work is a very interesting account of the atmosphere of the early Roaring Twenties.
POST SALE COMMENT
Deserved result for this interesting painting by George Bellows: $ 7M including premium.
In the same sale of American art, an unusual painting made by Edward Hopper in 1939, certainly influenced by surrealism, was sold $ 10.4 million including premium.
The image is shared on Wikiart :
1920-1921 Beaux Arts by Jupeon
2016 SOLD for HK$ 47M including premium
In Paris, Xu is one of the first Asian artists and perhaps even the first Chinese artist to practice oil painting. He temporarily abandons the figurative Chinese themes to bring his personal vision of the ancient European painting. At that time his name is spelled Jupeon.
Xu rightly observed that Western mythology provides an excuse to show the nude in erotic positions. On April 3 in Hong Kong, Sotheby's sells a Sleeping Venus, oil on canvas 62 x 95 cm painted in Paris in 1920-1921 and signed in Chinese, lot 1034 estimated HK $ 40M.
The naked woman is lying on the grass in a lascivious attitude reminiscent of female positions by Courbet. The mythological inspiration for this ideal woman is confirmed by two little satyrs emerging away from a grove.
The mythological scenes painted by Xu in his Parisian period are extremely rare on the art market. A slave and lion of large size 123 x 153 cm painted in 1924 was sold for HK $ 54M including premium by Christie's on 26 November 2006. This work anticipates the highly original specialization of the artist after his return to China, using animals for the expression of fiery sentiments.
The female nudes by Xu are also very rare and eagerly sought. In June 2010 in Beijing, a small auction house sold for the equivalent of US $ 11.2M the standing nude of a young woman thought to be Jiang Biwei who was Xu's wife in the 1920s. In September 2011, an artist recognized convincingly in this portrait a model who posed in the nude in a classroom in the 1980s.
1920 The Jersey of the Babe
2012 SOLD 4.4 M$ including premium
The sale by SCP Auctions on May 19, online from California, of a wool jersey of the Babe is indeed a considerable event. Two weeks before the auction ends, this lot has already surpassed Lou Gehrig's jersey sold for $ 717K including premium by Heritage on November 5, 2010.
Moreover this jersey dates from an exceptional period in Ruth's career and is in very good condition. It is marked NEW YORK, which makes sense for this sportsman. However, Ruth had made the success of the Boston Red Sox before being transferred in 1920 to the New York Yankees.
The jersey has retained its original identification with the name of Ruth. A photo of the champion made in March 1920 shows him with a jersey identical as the example to be sold, confirming, if not the year, at least the period when the garment was made by Spalding and worn by Ruth.
Here is the link to the press release shared by AuctionReport.
POST SALE COMMENT
The prices of the rarest pieces have no predictable limit. Babe Ruth's jersey was sold $ 3.7 million before fees, 4.4 million including premium.
The memorabilia from Babe Ruth provided two other notable results: $ 590K including premium for a bat and $ 540K including premium for a cap.
This sale was also very successful for baseball cards from the 1950s in mint condition (PSA10): $ 430K including premium for Roberto Clemente, and $ 360K including premium for Hank Aaron.
For post WWII baseball, let us also mention a jersey worn by Mickey Mantle in 1968, sold $ 370K including premium.
BABE RUTH BIRTHDAY: Today on January 6 1895 the greatest player to play the game of Baseball was born. Here is the best piece of Ruthian memorabilia sold by @SCPAuctions for $4,415,658 World record for a piece of sports memorabilia #Baberuth @baseballhall @Yankees @MLB #MLB pic.twitter.com/Z5BL5bA2DF— SCP Auctions (@SCPAuctions) February 6, 2018
1920 Three Paintings by Grigoriev escape from Museum
2008 SOLD 3.7 M$ including premium
At a time when the prices of Russian paintings are dramatically increasing, it seemed appropriate to a museum in Massachusetts to get rid of three of them to refocus collections to works closer to its usual specialties. The museum had these works for 60 years following a gift from the founder's relatives.
The sale will take place at Sotheby's in New York on November 4. These three paintings by Boris Grigoriev are estimated $ 4 million, $ 2.5 million and $ 600 K.
The most important of the three represent two pipe players (musicians), the traits marked in the so recognizable style that Grigoriev gives to faces. This very lively painting is undoubtedly an important work of the artist. It is part of the cycle Faces of the world (1920-1931), and a very large painting, 221x151 cm, an unusual format for this artist.
The second, "shepherd of the hills", dated 1920, is a close portrait of poet Nikolai Klyuev, followed by two surprising and insistent sheep. It is a beautiful expressive work.
The third is the portrait of an old pipe smoker (not a musician !!!).
We are in the case, which we have already described on several examples this year, when Sotheby's, sure to hold major works of an artist, pushes them at prices higher than those previously registered with a probability of success that is near certainty.
Attention, the press release is dated June 20. Experience shows that sales announced too early may have a change of date.
In the pantheon of Russian artists at auction, Grigoriev shall then join his almost exact contemporary Alexander Yakovlev, whose portrait of a sitting man was sold £ 2.8 million including costs by Christie's in London on June 13, 2007.
POST SALE COMMENT
The success was present, as it was predicted when the press release was submitted.
The portrait of the shepherd was not considered as the most expensive, but it has the best price: $ 3.7 million including expenses. I had described it as "beautiful expressive work." The market confirms my view that it was the most important of the three, from an artistic point of view. I had not its size when I made the article: 97 x 84 cm.
The large painting with musicians was sold $ 3.2 million including expenses, and the old smoker, 65 x 54 cm, $ 1.1 million including expenses.
1920 The Sovereigns of the British Empire
2012 SOLD 780 K£ including premium
The British Empire extended over all regions of the world. It was logical that Australia, a major producer of gold, minted also these coins as soon as security enabled it. Coins made in Sydney, identified by the letter S, were issued from 1855 to 1926, for a total of 115 variants when separating the years.
For many decades, American collectors have built complete thematic series of their currencies composed of the best possible specimens. In other countries, this approach is still unfrequent. The sale by Baldwin's in three parts of the Bentley collection of British sovereigns shall be used as a reference.
The first sale, on 8 May 2012, included all variants made in London, with the exception of the 1819 sovereign which will be the top lot of the third sale in May 2013.
The second sale, on September 27 in London, is devoted to colonial issues.
The 1920-S sovereign is an exceptional piece. The extreme rarity of this variant is not correlated with the statistics of the plant, but it is likely that almost all coins minted in Sydney in 1920 remained mintmarked from the previous year.
This coin was purchased for Aus $ 580K including premium by its current owner in 2006 in an auction organized by KJC Coins. It is now estimated £ 300K. Both sides are shown on the article shared by Blouin Artinfo.
POST SALE COMMENT
The result is both excellent and very satisfying, because usually the high end of the modern coin market is dominated by U.S. dollars. The Australian sovereign was sold £ 780K, according to a tweet of the auction house.
The £ 780K figure includes the fees.
It has been found in 2014 that the few 1920-S sovereigns struck in 1920 were made on a special order for an NSW politician celebrating his gold wedding anniversary. The sovereign was expensive at that time in terms of gold content and no 1920 sovereign had been required by the officials to the Sydney mint. A 1920-S sovereign novodel made in 1926 after cleaning the reverse die is also known. This story is narrated by Sterling & Currency.
1920 Interlude below a Roof Dormer
2017 SOLD for $ 730K including premium
Edward and Margrethe are influenced by the circle of Stieglitz but New York is too far away for them. They seek an original conception of photographic art based on the catching of geometry in scenes of daily life. The nude female breast is a favorite theme of Edward.
For some years Edward has replaced silver with palladium which offers a great subtlety in the shades of gray and a lustrous surface. For his best images he is already looking for perfection. The complexity of his work in the dark room requires a painstaking preparation and his early palladium prints are very rare.
At the end of 1920 Edward spent two weeks of passionate love with Betty whom he had met in a nightclub. He is photographing her in several rooms of her house. On October 10 in New York, Christie's sells Betty in Her Attic, a 23 x 19 cm palladium print on 46 x 35 cm paper, titled, signed and dated 1920 on the mount. This photo is estimated $ 600K, lot 323.
This composition between surrealism and constructivism is highly original in the art of Weston. Its main theme is the light transmitted to the white walls through an out of field dormer window. The oblique setting of the attic is reminiscent of The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, the famous movie released a few months earlier.
The woman in her long dress is standing in the darkness, coiled in an angle of the wall. Her silhouette is underlined by a geometrically illogical shadow that was certainly added in the lab. A foot reaches a spot of light on the ground like an invitation to dance.
Five years later the details of Miriam's nude body will make Edward Weston the best photographer of his time.