1907 Flowers for the Woman
2017 SOLD for £ 48M including premium
The Klimt and Flöge families are closely linked. Gustav Klimt becomes the brother-in-law of Helene Flöge in 1891 and her tutor in the following year. Helene and her sister Emilie open a business of couture and fashion in Vienna in 1904. Emilie was Gustav's companion from 1891 until the artist's death in 1918.
The Schwestern Flöge workshop is experimenting with new garments for the Viennese avant-garde, including loose dresses hung from the shoulders without using a corset. The very famous blouses of Gustav Klimt, which give him such a neglected attitude according to the conceptions of today's fashion, proceed from the same trend.
The shape of the garment is not enough : women also deserve a shimmering decoration. Gustav observes trees and flowers as patterns of texture. Their bright colors were created by nature. Gustav does not cancel the shapes of the flowers. If he had, he would have been the first abstract artist.
Gustav reveals the woman's head as the only realistic element in his portraits. The body is hidden by an ample garment whose limits loosely overlap the background of the image and whose details are luxurious and colorful. Adele Bloch-Bauer I, oil on canvas 138 x 138 cm painted in 1907, was sold for $ 135M on June 18, 2006 in a private sale by Christie's to Ronald Lauder.
On March 1 in London, Sotheby's sells as lot 11 Bauerngarten, oil on canvas 110 x 110 cm painted in 1907 during the holidays of Gustav at the Attersee. Poppies, daisies and zinnias spread their colors in an endless meadow with no horizon. These flowers are dominated by a triangle of roses that confirms the artist's intention for the design of a dress.
Please watch the very short video shared by Sotheby's.
1907 The Lengthy Evolution of Monet's Pond
2014 SOLD 27 M$ including premium
Monet is an amateur but careful and skilled horticulturist. Without having his original preference, the water lilies impose themselves as his most prolific theme, up to obsession. Unlike the ivy on the wall, they will not cover the entire available surface. Spreading their leaves flush with water, they materialize in perspective the real surface of the pond.
From 1904 to 1908, Monet produced his first series of Nymphéas. With more than 60 paintings which he wants all different from one another, the artist expresses the most subtle variations of color and light, changing the distance and population of the flowers, the importance of the reflections from the trees and the expressive power of color.
The horizon disappears, the details become abstract but the botanical accuracy remains. One of the first trials in this new figurative style, dated 1904, 81 x 100 cm, was sold for £ 18.5 million including premium by Sotheby's on 19 June 2007.
A beautiful fleet of well colored water lilies dated 1905, 90 x 100 cm, was sold for $ 44 million including premium at Christie's on November 7, 2012.
A particularly poetic oil version in pastel tones dated 1906, 90 x 100 cm, was sold for $ 20.9 million including premium at Christie's on May 8, 2000 but failed to meet in 2010 its new estimate of £ 30M.
An oil on canvas 100 x 80 cm painted in 1907 for sale by Christie's in New York on May 6 comes in the following of that trend with soft shades more highlighting the reflections than the botany. It includes an innovation of Monet from that year : he realized that he was no longer a painter of landscapes and experienced the vertical format.
This painting is estimated $ 25M.
POST SALE COMMENT
This good example of the Nymphéas series came from the Clark collection and was fresh on the market. It was sold for $ 27M including premium.
I invite you to play the video shared by Christie's :
1907 Peonies in Collioure
2012 SOLD for $ 19M by Christie's
These new colorists immediately seek to vary the subjects, and flowers are suitable for their research. The vases, tablecloths and wallpapers complement unprecedented color balances.
On May 1, 2012, Christie's sold for $ 19M from a lower estimate of $ 8M an oil on canvas, 65 x 55 cm, painted by Matisse in Collioure in 1907. Please watch these peonies in the video prepared by Christie's.This work showing a vase with peonies was admired by Félix Féneon who was the effective promoter of Fauvism.
1907 The Light of the Golden Horn
2019 SOLD for $ 16.2M including premium
Signac had seen Venice in 1905. Yet it is in Constantinople that he integrates the extreme conjunctions of light and mist of Turner's Mediterranean masterpieces. He concentrates his sketches on the Golden Horn and its minarets that go up to the sky.
Back in France, Signac wants to express this dazzle. He takes a canvas in standard '50', 89 x 116 cm, which is the largest size compatible with the painstaking of his pointillist technique. After a month of effort, surprised by the unusual difficulty of this work, he scraps a first painting and starts again from scratch.
The second version is satisfactory. Signac retrieved the pleasure of expressing a great sun, as in Saint-Tropez fifteen years earlier, but this time he replaces the blinding yellow by a subtle palette of pinks and purples. Even better : he renounces for this view to a strict division between the color dots, accepting a blending inspired by Turner's art.
This painting is by far the most achieved of the nine or ten oils on canvas of Constantinople painted by Signac in 1907. In 1937, two years after his death, it was bought at auction by his daughter and her husband. It was sold for £ 8.8M including premium by Christie's on February 7, 2012. It is estimated $ 14M for sale by Sotheby's in New York on November 12, lot 21.
1907 The Fauvist Enthusiasm of Georges Braque
2013 SOLD 16 M$ including premium
The Fauvist revolution of 1905 is due to the enthusiastic response of very young artists. Besides Matisse, most of them are less than thirty years old. Their invention of the primacy of color over all other elements of the painting opens up a new language.
Georges Braque was excited by the Salle des Fauves. Like many others, he sought inspiration in the shining light of the hills of Provence. More than the others, he painted his feeling in front of the landscape rather than the landscape itself.
The twisted trunks of olive trees are an excuse to get rid of verticality. An oil on canvas painted in 1907, 38 x 46 cm, perhaps inspired by the art of Van Gogh, was sold for £ 5.1 million including premium by Sotheby's on 8 February 2012.
On May 7 in New York, Sotheby's sells a view of the countryside near La Ciotat, also painted in 1907. This oil on canvas, 51 x 62 cm, is estimated $ 10M. Here is the link to the catalog.
The artwork is located, but the landscape is barely recognizable. Provence is more strongly evoked by the colors in thelight than by the mountainous horizon and the indefinable trees.
This synthesis of Cézanne's texture and Derain's light relies on well balanced shapes, close to a child's drawing. Later, cubism will reveal the appeal of geometry to Braque. He could have been one of the great inventors of modern art but his Fauvist pulse was too short. The place was still left open for the theories of Kandinsky in Murnau in 1909.
POST SALE COMMENT
The Fauvist landscapes by Braque are very rare, and the composition of this one is of high originality. It deserved $ 16 million including premium.
1907 Nu Jaune, art on paper by Picasso
2005 SOLD for $ 13.7M including premium by Sotheby's
1907 The Fauvist Horn
2020 SOLD for £ 7.6M including premium
Henri Matisse was a member of this Société since 1901. In July 1904, the Matisse family is visiting Signac in his Saint-Tropez home. Matisse is not interested in the physiological theories of colors, and the two artists quarrel. After that stay, their mutual influence will become fertile.
With Luxe, Calme et Volupté painted in the fall of 1904 and acquired by Signac, Matisse tries the pure colors of the rainbow with a divisionist touch. The views of the Golden Horn painted by Signac in 1907 after his stay in Constantinople display similar Fauvist principles while adding in several works his signature search for an extreme brightness.
The masterpiece of Signac's series of the Golden Horn is an oil on canvas 89 x 116 cm which was acquired again by his family after his death and was sold for $ 16.2M including premium by Sotheby's on November 12, 2019.
On February 4 in London, Sotheby's sells a view of the Golden Horn by Signac, recently returned by the French government to the heirs of a collector despoiled in 1940. A model example by its confrontation of the pink and purple morning mist with the bright colors of boats and lodges, this oil on canvas 73 x 92 cm had been selected by the artist in 1908 to be exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants. It is estimated £ 5M, lot 12.
Here are two results including premium on other oils on canvas from the same series : £ 6.2M by Christie's on June 20, 2012 (73 x 93 cm), $ 4.7M by Sotheby's on November 7, 2007 (81 x 66 cm with a different composition, centered on a tall ship), A 73 x 92 cm view painted in 1909 was sold for £ 4.8M including premium by Christie's on June 18, 2007.
Please watch the video shared by Sotheby's.
1907 Signac in Constantinople
2012 SOLD 6.2 M£ including premium
Landscape painter attracted by the sea, he was interested in maritime cities, including Venice in 1905. His colors became warmer. The post-Impressionist dots of Signac are precursors of the flat colors of Fauvism.
In spring 1907, he spent six weeks to soak up in the atmosphere of the Golden Horn in Constantinople at different times of the day. Back in France, he expressed his delight in a series of oil paintings. In the foreground, sea and boats symbolize the activity of the city.
The largest of these paintings, 89 x 116 cm, shows Constantinople in the extreme light of sunrise or sunset. It was sold £ 8.8 million including premium by Christie's on February 7, 2012.
A smaller painting, 73 x 93 cm, is estimated £ 4M, for sale by Christie's in London on June 20. The atmosphere is quieter. On the horizon, mosques and minarets mark their distance by lighter colors that enhance the mystical feeling of the scene.
POST SALE COMMENT
Very good price for this Signac, smaller than the painting of the same series that I took as reference. It was sold £ 6.2 million including premium.
1907 Children playing with a Dog by Mary Cassatt
2007 SOLD for $ 6.2M including premium by Christie's
2018 SOLD for $ 4.8M including premium by Christie's
narrated in 2020 before the sale of another painting by Sothebys (see below)
These important series are families recomposed by the artist with models from her neighborhood. The little girl is often Sara, recognizable by her wide face and golden hair, which was very fashionable at that time. Mary was childless.
Children playing with a dog, oil on canvas 100 x 73 cm painted in 1907, has been sold twice by Christie's, for $ 6.2M including premium on May 24, 2007, lot 54, and for $ 4.8M including premium on November 11, 2018, lot 59A. The mother holds the baby and Sara holds the dog in the same delicate gesture, expressing by this image that the maternal instinct exists from childhood. The image is shared by Wikimedia.
Children playing with a cat, oil on canvas 81 x 100 cm painted in 1908, was sold twice by Sotheby's, for $ 3.4M including premium on November 29, 2006 and for $ 2.2M including premium on December 11, 2020, lot 48.
As in the above example, it is interesting to compare the positions : the baby is on the mother's lap and the cat on Sara's lap. The baby, who had been intimidated by the dog, extends a hand over Sara's elbow to reach the cat's head.
1907 The Pink Stone of Wyoming
2016 SOLD for $ 3.6M before fees by The Russell
In 1871 Thomas Moran joined the Hayden Expedition exploring Yellowstone. Influenced by the colors in Turner's art, he is seduced by Castle Rock, a spectacular peak that dominates the Green River valley in Wyoming.
For four decades, the artist wanders through Wyoming, Montana and Arizona in search of extreme landscapes. His paintings with subtle pink, yellow, orange, lavender and vermilion hues of the cliffs in the beautiful morning light make him famous while appealing tourists to Yellowstone National Park, created in 1872.
Throughout this period he also idealizes with many variations his Castle Rock, bringing an additional majesty to the mountain by reducing its width. Painted in 1878, an intensely colored 64 x 122 cm oil on canvas was sold for $ 17.7 million including premium by Christie's on May 21, 2008.
Another variant is less arid, with some trees on both banks. In this peaceful and slightly hazy atmosphere, Moran added an animation, a rare feature in his work : a caravan of Native Americans on horseback is crossing the river on a ford.
This oil on canvas 51 x 76 cm painted in 1907 was sold for $ 3.6M excluding fees in March 2016 in the annual sale organized by The Russell in Great Falls for the benefit of the C.M. Russell Museum. It is estimated $ 3.5M for sale in Scottsdale AZ on April 6 by Scottsdale Art Auction, lot 229 here linked on iCollector bidding platform.
1907 Saint-Gaudens versus Barber
2021 SOLD for $ 3.6M including premium
Experienced in the design of medals, Saint-Gaudens knows nothing about industrial production. The conduct of the project will be marked by his bad relationship with Chief Engraver Charles Barber.
The double eagle in Ultra High Relief prepared by Saint-Gaudens is featuring on the obverse a standing figure inspired by the Victory of Samothrace and on the reverse the Gobrecht flying eagle.
The first trial, in February 1907, fails : one of the dies breaks, preventing the fourth and last unit from being completed, its edge being left plain. After repair of the tooling plus some minor modifications, a second campaign is carried out in the spring, in two variants : several parts have an inverted position of the edge inscription.
Saint-Gaudens dies in August 1907. Barber knew from the start that this Ultra High Relief which Roosevelt liked so much was impossible to industrialize. 361,667 double eagles are finally minted in December, reusing the Saint-Gaudens design with a flattened relief.
On December 31, an additional production of three UHR pieces is carried out at the request of the Mint Director, bringing the quantity struck after the modification to a total of about 16 pieces. The four examples below belong to this undifferentiated population.
The highest ranked is a PR69 by PCGS. It was sold for $ 3M including premium by Heritage in November 2005 and for $ 2.76M including premium by Stack's Bowers on June 29, 2012.
Several pieces were graded PR68. A coin graded by PCGS was sold for $ 1.84M including premium by Heritage in January 2007. A coin stamped with the initials ASG of Saint-Gaudens, graded by PCGS, was sold for $ 2.1M including premium by Heritage on January 7, 2015.
A coin graded PR68 by NGC has been sold twice by Goldberg, for $ 1.2M in May 1999 and for $ 1.15M in February 2003. It will be sold by Heritage in Dallas on February 24, lot 3802.
On the heels of the successful FUN auctions, Heritage Auctions is proud to present a diversified selection of more than 24 American gold and silver coins, all from The Paramount Collection.https://t.co/4dnHSsego6#USCoins #CoinCollectors #Numismatics pic.twitter.com/1ogUX1JSMk— Heritage Auctions (@HeritageAuction) February 9, 2021
This 1907 Ultra High Relief $20 gold piece is a numismatic rarity of the highest order. This seven-figure piece designed by famed sculptor Augustus St. Gaudenshttps://t.co/5TRUm7Zw9C— Heritage Auctions - Coins (@heritagecoins) February 1, 2021
Lot No. 3802 I February 18 - 21 US Coins Signature Sale No. 1327#USCoins #CoinCollectors pic.twitter.com/XIvTqYytzk