Sport Memorabilia - 2nd page
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Chronology : 1892
1857 Football was born in Sheffield
2011 SOLD 880 K£ including premium
Particularly dynamic since its creation in 1857, the Sheffield Foot-Ball Club immediately established a working group to standardize the sport. On October 28, 1858, a set of eleven rules was adopted. Sheffield succeeded where other clubs had failed: in 1863 the new Football Association confirmed the game as it was played in Sheffield.
The club sells its archives on July 14 at Sotheby's in London.
The documents contain the official records of the club with the minutes of meetings and the first accounts of games. They include, of course, the oldest handwritten version of the rules of football, but also the only known copy of the first printed edition (1859).
It is an extraordinary set for the knowledge of sports history, so important as an input to social history as a whole. The estimate, £ 800K, seems low.
POST SALE COMMENT
The estimate was well targeted. Sold £ 880K including premium, the lot has remained around the low estimate.
I invite you to play the video shared on the web by Sotheby's.
1891 Ball and Basket for Indoor Sport
2010 SOLD 4.3 M$ including premium
By design, it is not a rough sport. The idea of the inventor, the Canadian James Naismith, was to occupy without risk of injury the sportsmen in winter, when weather conditions do not allow to play baseball or football.
The elevated position of the baskets gives a specific interest to this sport that does not invite to physical contact. One can argue whether similar sports existed before basketball and inspired Naismit. No matter: the basketball based on his thirteen rules has become one of the most popular sports due to the simplicity of its required equipment.
Naismith had typed these thirteen rules, in two sheets that he modified by hand writing and signed. His family, who had kept this precious document, sells it at Sotheby's in New York on December 10 for the benefit of a Canadian foundation that spreads the ideals of sportsmanship of the inventor. The photo of these pages is shared by Artdaily.
It is clear that this lot is highly important in the history of sport. The auction house devoted a separate catalog to it, and expects $ 2M.
POST SALE COMMENT
The invention of basketball is really a major act of modern history, one of those advances that have impacted the lives and behavior of millions of people. The document was sold for $ 4.3 million including premium.
I invite you to play the video shared on the web by Sotheby's :
1892 Faster, Stronger, Higher
2019 SOLD for $ 8.8M including premium
With a remarkable open-mindedness, Coubertin compares the progress of sport in several countries. In England, the country of the fair play, football is a team sport practiced in colleges, including Rugby, and the establishment of official rules allows competitions. In Sweden the mental benefit of gymnastics is officially recognized. In the United States, sport opens the way to the practice of collective recreation. He does not like the use of sport for military training in Germany but recognizes its heroic character.
The time is also favorable for meetings of thematic clubs in England and France. They will support the development of the Coubertin project. In 1891 he promulgates a motto : citius, fortius, altius (later modified in its sequence). Coubertin is setting the example : on March 20, 1892 he is the referee in the final of the first French rugby championship.
Taking as a pretext the fifth anniversary of a running club, a conference is organized at the Sorbonne on November 25, 1892, with three speakers. Bourdon and Jusserand tell the history of the sport. Coubertin, entrusted for dealing with modern sport, concludes his speech by proposing the reestablishment of the Olympic Games.
In this seminal address, Coubertin's vision is universal. The most developed nations will help the others. It is a matter of practicing sports in common between athletes of all nations with a search for the individual excellence, but not yet of international competition or rewards.
The autograph draft of this Coubertin thesis, largely modified by the author in the preparation phase, is estimated $ 700K for sale by Sotheby's in New York on December 18, lot 173. Please watch the video shared by the auction house.
Very remarkably, despite necessarily different visions of his international interlocutors, it is Coubertin himself who will concretize his concept. A January 1894 autograph document defining the stadium and sports passed at Goldin Auctions on October 29, 2016. In June 1894, Pierre de Coubertin creates the International Olympic Committee.
#AuctionUpdate Moments ago in our #NYC salesroom, the original Olympic Games manifesto soared to $8.8 million, more than 8.5x its $1 million high estimate following a 12-minute bidding battle. The manifesto outlines Pierre de Coubertin's vision for reviving the ancient games. pic.twitter.com/xoR4uAzs2t— Sotheby's (@Sothebys) December 18, 2019
1896 Just like in Olympia
2012 SOLD 540 K£ including premium
Two unprecedented events provide a link with antiquity and exacerbate the Greek patriotism : the discus throw (won by an American) and the marathon running.
Thirteen Greeks and four foreigners have dared to compete in this endurance race. The people and the king welcomed with an extraordinary burst of joy the victory of Spyridon Louis, a humble water carrier from the Athens suburb. This modern Cincinnatus returned to his farm after his feat.
The silver cup, 15 cm high, which was awarded to Spyridon Louis had been kept by his family. It is estimated £ 120K, for sale by Christie's in South Kensington on April 18.
Here is the link to the catalogue.
POST SALE COMMENT
As with any one-of-its-kind piece, the price of this cup was not predictable. It was sold £ 540K including premium. It is an excellent result, announced by Christie's on Twitter as an Olympic (memorabilia) record.
1936 Olympic Gold for Jesse Owens
2013 SOLD 1.47 M$ including premium
He won four prestigious events : 100 meters, 200 meters, long jump and within 4 x 100 meters team. This grandson of slaves who was born in Alabama became a hero for the whole African-American community and is still now one of the most popular symbols of the Nazi abuse.
On this last point, the reality is surprising. Hitler was willing to admit that Negroes had morphologic features that enabled them to win. Earlier in these games, the Chancellor had only congratulated German athletes. His advisers made him understand that it was a blunder and he therefore decided to stop contacting any winner.
Owens himself declared that Hitler had not been hostile to him. On the opposite, the champion sharply criticized the racial segregation in his own country, which will still go further for 32 years before being abolished.
One of the four gold medals of Jesse Owens is for sale by SCP Auctions. The online auction will close on December 7. It is not known which of his four wins is related to this award. His other three medals are not localized.
I invite you to play the video commented by Darren Rovell for the ESPN specialized sport channel.
POST SALE COMMENT
Very good result for this medal that was outstanding for both sporting feat and political significance: $ 1.47 million including premium.
1936 The Stride of Jesse Owens
2019 SOLD for $ 600K including premium
Owens also does not have an exceptional build. He is developing a fast stride with a minimal foot contact on the track. This innovation is very effective for sprint, long jump and hurdling. He reaches the top level in May 1935, winning four events in 45 minutes, during which he breaks or equals six world records.
He is obviously qualified for the Berlin Olympics in 1936. At first the challenge is for the sport. The Olympic Games are the best place to confirm that he is the fastest man in the world. The public is waiting for an exploit from him.
The mental state of Jesse Owens in competition is exceptional. His records of 1935 were obtained despite a very painful back following an accidental fall. In Berlin, he manages similarly to ignore the psychological pressure. He wins without difficulty four gold medals : 100 metre dash, long jump, 200 metres and 4 x 100 metre relay.
Off the track, he is an African-American at a time of severe racial discrimination. The amateurish doctrine in sport is ruthless. Upon his return from the Berlin Games, he seeks financial compensation and is excluded from all amateur events. His sports career is over.
His participation in the Berlin Games was exemplary. It was politically exploited, based on the fact that Hitler was expecting an Aryan win in the major events which he personally attended. Unlike Joe Louis or Jackie Robinson, Jesse Owens will not find a leading stance against racism, rejecting and afterward supporting the black power salute of Smith and Carlos at the 1968 Olympics.
At the time of the Berlin Games, the medals of the winners are struck in a unique model, with no identification of the sport and of course of the name of the laureate. The gold medals are in silver plated gold. Replicas were also released for some laudable uses. The authentication of a Berlin Games medal requires an impeccable provenance and an analysis by a specialized expert.
Two medals of Jesse Owens have been confirmed as genuine by James Greensfelder, author of a reference guide to Olympic medals. One of them, presented by the champion to tap dancer Bojangles, was sold for $ 1.47M including premium by SCP Auctions on December 7, 2013.
Another one will be sold as lot 1 by Goldin in an online auction that ends on December 7, 2019. It had been gifted by Owens to a weightlifter, as a reward for helping him to make speeches in public meetings in the 1950s and 1960s.
1964 Bear Hunting with Gloves
2014 SOLD 840 K$ including premium
The World champion defending his title is Sonny Liston nicknamed Big Bear, huge destructive force in the ring and a terror by the city. He had won his title by knocking out Floyd Patterson in the first round, a feat that he repeated during the rematch.
Against this exceptional puncher, nobody will bet on the challenger, Cassius Clay. This young man 22 years old had however been the Olympic champion in 1960 but is not yet feared among professionals. He nevertheless dared to greatly annoy Liston in the morning of the match by declaring the opening of the bear hunting.
Taller, younger and more flexible, Clay won the match when Liston could not resume at the seventh round. Aware of his feat and already attentive to his own marketing, Clay immediately trumpeted "I am the Greatest". A few months later he said that his name was a slave's and changed it to Muhammad Ali.
The gloves used by Clay against Liston on February 25, 1964 had almost made him lose the match in the fourth round after he rubbed his eyes without realizing that the gloves were soiled.
These gloves have become one of the most important match used equipment in the history of boxing. They are for sale by Heritage in New York on February 22, lot 80073 in the catalog. The price is difficult to predict.
POST SALE COMMENT
It was one of the most important boxing fights of the twentieth century. The gloves used by Cassius Clay were sold for $ 840K including premium.
1965 The First Fight of Muhammad Ali
2015 SOLD for $ 960K including premium
The pair of gloves used by Cassius Clay in Miami Beach was sold for $ 840K including premium by Heritage on February 22, 2014.
The revenge promised to be stormy. Clay's invectives against Liston had contributed to irritate and weaken the colossus. None of them was welcomed by US officials. Liston's links to organized crime were known. Clay had become Muhammad Ali in the meantime to support a Black radical movement, the Nation of Islam.
The fight took place in Lewiston, Maine on May 25, 1965. Unexpectedly, Ali won by knockout in the first round. The blow by Ali's right arm was terrible but had generated a great confusion. The referee had not counted the knockdown and Liston was suspected of lying down. Indeed, the video does not clearly conclude.
To anticipate a formal investigation which ultimately did not take place, the Maine State Boxing Commissioner immediately seized their pairs of gloves, which long remained in his family. These two pairs originally collected for the risk of scandal have remained together and will be sold in one lot by Heritage in New York on February 21, lot 80063.
1967 Three Decades of Wins
2019 SOLD for $ 1.22M including premium
Nicklaus is the youngest of the three. He became a professional in 1962. His success record is unmatched, even though it was approached by Tiger Woods. In 1966 he was the 4th player to have won at least once in each of the four Grand Slam tournaments. He was the first to win each of these tournaments twice, in 1971, then three times, in 1978. At 46, he won his 6th Masters. Later entering the senior tours, he won his 100th and last victory in 1996.
In 1966 during an event in Tokyo, Rolex offers a cocktail party where the three friends participate. The brand, always eager to sponsor athletes, is already working with Player. Nicklaus, who had not used watches until then, defines his special watch.
Nicklaus receives his gift in 1967 : a Rolex Day-Date reference 1803 in yellow gold with a champagne-colored dial, a mark of hours inspired by golf tees and a President-style bracelet.
The champion uses this watch to this day in competitions and in everyday life. He wears it in the 12 Grand Slam tournaments which he wins after this acquisition. For Rolex, it is a remarkable demonstrator of elegance and robustness.
The Rolex is on his wrist when he waves the British Open trophy at St Andrews in 1978. This photo was chosen in 2005 by the Royal Bank of Scotland to illustrate the £ 5 bill. This American from Ohio becomes the first non-royal personality to have his portrait in his life time on a British note.
Jack and Barbara were married in 1960. They have been supporting the National Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio since 1976 and established in 2004 in Florida the Nicklaus Children's Health Care Foundation.
The time for sports success has gone and charity is becoming a priority. Nicklaus sells his Rolex for the exclusive benefit of his Foundation. The auction is managed by Phillips in New York on December 10, lot 18.
1980 The Great Day of US Ice Hockey
2013 SOLD 660 K$ including premium
Winter Games are taking place normally, but already the United States begin to organize a boycott of Moscow. In the stadium, the flagship competition becomes the ice hockey, the fastest of all team sports, where Soviet domination is overwhelming for two decades.
The American coach put his confidence onto young players. On February 22, they face the invincible Soviets. Ten minutes before end, the US captain Mike Eruzione gives the advantage to his team by a magnificent shot. Under an incredible fervor of the public, the last ten minutes during which the Americans confirm their domination by a strategy of attack are a piece of sports anthology. The game is now known as the Miracle on Ice.
Eruzione had kept his equipment, which will be separated into several lots by Heritage in New York on February 23. The top lot is the jersey worn by him for the Miracle on Ice. It is estimated $ 1M.
Eight years earlier, Canadians had also achieved a sensational feat against the Soviets. The jersey worn by Paul Henderson, who scored the winning Canadian goal 34 seconds before end of game, was sold U.S. $ 1.27 million including premium by Classic Auctions in Montreal on June 22, 2010. This auction house is specializing in ice hockey.
I invite you to play the video shared by Heritage on YouTube to introduce the sale of the Miracle on Ice, courtesy of ABC Sports.
POST SALE COMMENT
This jersey was sold $ 660K including premium. This is a good price for a piece from a relatively recent sporting event.