The conquest of space was for long the symbol of the Cold War, just like 20 years earlier the technological competition for the supremacy of racing cars was a showcase of the political rivalry between the Axis and the Allies.
The final outcome of this political competition is the victory of Apollo on the Moon. Soon afterward the US government takes the opportunity of a relative political appeasing with the Soviets to restrict the budgets of NASA.
Americans are now willing to operate space stations, on which the Soviets had taken the lead with the Salyut program. The last Saturn V and Saturn IB rockets are dedicated to the ephemeral Skylab station.
Space will now become a symbol of international cooperation. On May 24, 1972 in the United States and probably around the same date in the Soviet Union, the former rivals decide on a project of docking in space between inhabited American and Soviet spacecrafts.
This mission is successful. On 15 July 1975 the hatch opens between Apollo and Soyuz. The three US astronauts and the two Russian cosmonauts are now one single team.
The event is recorded in a bilingual certificate in Russian and English signed in orbit in four copies by the five Spationauts. Nicknamed the Space Magna Carta, this document promotes the use of manned space flight in the joint interest of people from everywhere.
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