Yet, Jews and Samaritans have the same Pentateuch whose texts were certainly collected shortly before they broke. The similarity ends here. The Samaritan liturgy remained Mosaic by rejecting both the rabbinical system and any foreign influence, and the Samaritan script is very close to the Paleo-Hebrew.
The fall of the Kingdom of Israel had definitely ruined the political identification of the Samaritans but their ethnic and religious community, although weakened, survive.
On December 22 in New York, Sotheby's sells a Samaritan scroll, lot 1 in the first auction of the Valmadonna Trust Library. This manuscript 36 cm x 5.60 m consists of ten membranes for a total of 41 columns written in Samaritan majuscule script. The text covers the Genesis and the beginning of Exodus.
Old documents can be dated by the paleographic analysis and by the chronology of variations in vocabulary and spelling. The Samaritans were using colophons. The graphological analysis ensures that the scroll for sale was written by the same scribe who made another specimen whose date on the colophon corresponds to 1166 in our calendar, located at Sarepta in the land of Israel.
The manuscript is incomplete and the remaining parts have some misses and many replacements. In such a condition, this paleographic treasure is announced with a lower estimate of $ 40K.
SOLD for $ 162K including premium