In France, he had heard the stories told by the explorers of Florida. He attracted the attention of Queen Elizabeth on the need for England to catch up on France and Spain, and campaigned for an immediate settlement of Virginia.
His first major compilation, published in London in 1589, is titled The Principall Navigations, Voiages and Discoveries of the English Nation, made by sea and over land. It is a big folio size book with more than 800 pages 28 x 18 cm. A copy is estimated £ 40K, for sale by Sotheby's in London on September 30, lot 578. It retained its rare map designed from the Ortelius model.
Ten years later, needs and knowledge have dramatically increased and Hakluyt had meticulously continued his work. The second edition was published in three volumes from 1598 to 1600, totaling nearly 1,900 pages. In the same sale as above, a copy bound in two books is estimated £ 180K, lot 579.
The title was amended to add the word Traffiques confirming the willingness of the author to encourage settlers and traveling merchants, but this is not the most important. This copy has retained its very rare world map in two joined sheets using the most recent projection system of Edward Wright.
The Dutch scientist Mercator had resolved in 1569 the challenge to offer to navigators plane maps in which angles are exact whatever the latitude. However, his geometrical theory contained some errors whose corrections were published by Wright in 1599. The graphs of Wright greatly increased the accuracy of the compass navigation.
Results including premium :
Second edition of 1598-1600 SOLD for £ 460K.