Ordained a priest in 386 CE, John proclaims his homilies at the cathedral of Antioch. He comments the Bible to castigate the rich and arouse charities, and despises the monks who isolate themselves rather than confronting the realities of life. An imaginative and prolific author, a convincing orator and a constant opponent to all corruptions, he is nicknamed Chrysostom which means Mouth of Gold.
Appointed archbishop of Constantinople in 397 he is now out of his skills. For example he does not manage to exploit with diplomacy a real moral victory against the Empress and continues to compare her with Herodias and Jezebel.
His favorite sources for defying sins and abuses and converting the pagans are Genesis, Psalms, the Gospels of Matthew and John, and the Acts of the Apostles. His exemplary texts were collected by his audience and piously transcribed for centuries by the monks of the Middle Ages.
On July 3 in London, Sotheby's sells a manuscript collection in Greek of 44 homilies by St. John Chrysostom on the Gospel of St Matthew, lot 8 estimated £ 200K. Paleographic analysis indicates that this copy was made in Constantinople at the end of the 9th century.
This 30 x 21 cm book demonstrates the very specific style of John Chrysostom. The direct quotations of the Gospel are written in majuscule letters to separate these texts from their comments by the orator against the materialism of the wealthy.
SOLD for £ 250K including premium