The weakening of the Seleucids brought to Tyre an almost total autonomy. The city's calendar started with this event, 126 years before the origin of our current calendar. The transformation of the area into a Roman province 62 years later did not modify the autonomy of the city. Their currency was made of silver shekels and half shekels.
For the pleasure of the numismatists of our time, the shekels of Tyre are dated and bear monograms that certainly relate to the production workshop and office.
For almost two centuries, the shekels of Tyre maintained a great regularity in size (about 25 mm), weight (around 14 g) and figures (on one side the laureate bust of the Phoenician hero Melqart, on the other side a standing eagle). This exceptional reliability allowed the shekels of Tyre to become the reference currency in Palestine, including Judaea.
An expert built a collection of shekels of Tyre with one coin per year covering the traditional period of the life of Jesus of Nazareth, between 122 and 159 of the calendar of Tyre. These 38 pieces are sold as one lot by Heritage in New York on January 5, lot 30932 with a reserve amount of $ 125K before fees.